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The 30 Best Female Detectives and Amateur Sleuths in Mystery Fiction

These women thrill us with their sleuthing skills.

best female detectives

Spunky, reserved, wise, naïve, young, old, thoughtful, brash, modern, and retro: These are just a few things that describe our favorite female detectives. Other than their knack for solving crimes and their gender, they may not have much in common. But we love them all all the same.

These 30 women are at the top of their game in each novel, short story, play, television episode or film they star in. Discover the 30 best female detectives of all time.

Miss Silver

Grey Mask

Grey Mask

By Patricia Wentworth

Miss Silver may often be passed over in favor of Miss Marple, but for our money, this one-time governess has the edge in humor and warmth. The knitting spinster is often dismissed as harmless by those around her, but her intelligence is as sharp as a needle.

Related: Miss Maud Silver is Called to Investigate a Criminal Conspiracy in Grey Mask 

Amelia Peabody

The Deeds of the Disturber

The Deeds of the Disturber

By Elizabeth Peters

Amelia Peabody, Victorian Egyptologist, has been charming readers since the 1970s. Amelia left England after inheriting her father’s fortune, only to fall in love with Egypt. She is far ahead of her time and will delight readers with her intelligence, daring, and all-too-often accidental humor.

Related: Amelia Peabody Investigates a Cursed Mummy in The Deeds of the Disturber 

Letitia "Tish" Carberry

Tish Plays the Game

Tish Plays the Game

By Mary Roberts Rinehart

Created by one of our favorite underrated mystery writers, Tish Carberry and her two dear friends, Aggie and Lizzie, take on any strange case that comes their way. Impetuous and brash, the three “old spinsters” are charming, funny, and always a joy to encounter.

Related: How Mary Roberts Rinehart Got Her Start—and Invented a New Kind of Mystery 

Charlotte Graham

Murder at the Spa

Murder at the Spa

By Stefanie Matteson

Charlotte Graham has decided to retire gracefully from the screen. With over 40 years of stage and movie credits to her name, it’s time to take a break. But when she arrives at her friend’s spa, ready for a relaxing vacation, she finds that she has instead been called in to help catch a murderer. This elegant amateur sleuth will appeal to fans of Miss Marple and Agatha Christie.

Arly Hanks

Malice in Maggody

Malice in Maggody

By Joan Hess

Chief Ariel “Arly” Hanks returned home to Maggody, Arkansas after divorcing her husband and big city lifestyle. Joan Hess excels not just at creating suspense, but also humor in her Maggody series. Arly’s honesty, sarcasm, and police work rank her among the best of all time.

Harriet Vane

Gaudy Night

Gaudy Night

By Dorothy L. Sayers

Although Harriet is frequently cast as sidekick to Dorothy L. Sayers’s Lord Peter Wimsy, she has her own time to shine in Gaudy Night. And shine she does. Harriet, a mystery writer who fell under suspicion for her fiancé’s death in Strong Poison, has become adept at using her writing skills to decipher mysteries. But when one comes to her alma mater, can she discover who is terrorizing her friends and colleagues?

Miss Hildegard Withers

The Penguin Pool Murder

The Penguin Pool Murder

By Stuart Palmer

Miss Withers teaches the third grade in New York City, so she has a very particular brand of unflappability. Her first detecting comes on a field trip to the New York Aquarium, and her adventures only get stranger and funnier as she continues. No matter where she goes, Miss Withers remains her poised, romantic self.

Sarah Kelling

The Family Vault

The Family Vault

By Charlotte MacLeod

Sarah Kelling may share billing credit with Max Bittersohn, but she is the true star of Charlotte MacLeod’s classic mysteries. “America’s Agatha Christie” excelled at writing mysteries that are more than they appear–as Mrs. Kellling traverses her uppercrust Bostonian society, their ideals and mores are subtly pierced.

Related: Death Doesn't Strike the Same Place Twice—Right? 

Patience McKenna

Sweet, Savage Death

Sweet, Savage Death

By Jane Haddam

Get the inside scoop with this romance/crime writer turned investigator. Patience leverages her expertise as a crime writer to solve a number of mysteries. Pay, never found without a cigarette in hand, takes each new act of violence in stride and finds the killer without fail.

Temperance Brennan

best female detectives

Déjà Dead

By Kathy Reichs

Perhaps best known as the overly logical forensic anthropologist portrayed by Emily Deschanel on FOX’s Bones, Temperance Brennan is also the star of her own book series, written by Kathy Reichs. We have a soft spot for both versions of the character, but Reichs’s impulsive, emotional, and brilliant creation has our heart.

Related: Beyond Bones: The 8 Best Kathy Reichs Books 

Kate Delafield

best female detectives

Amateur City

By Katherine V. Forrest

Created by Katherine V. Forrest, Kate Delafield ushered in a new variety of detective fiction–the lesbian mystery. A small but mighty niche, lesbian mysteries have become increasingly common, from Anne Holt’s hard procedurals featuring Hanne Wilhelmsen to the twisty psychological mysteries favored by Sarah Waters. But Kate started it all in Amateur City, and we’ve been adoring the tough, complicated, and lovable detective ever since.

Nancy Drew

best female detectives

The Secret of the Old Clock

By Carolyn Keene

For many a young reader, Nancy Drew opens the door to the beguiling world of mystery fiction. Although many of her original tales may read as a bit, well, dated today, her stories have inspired people around the world, from Sonia Sotomayor to Laura Bush. Nancy’s smarts, straightforward nature, and independence endeared her to every reader.

Maisie Dobbs

best female detectives

Maisie Dobbs

By Jacqueline Winspear

Between World War I and II, Maisie Dobbs returns to London only to discover that life has become rather dull. After working as a nurse in the first World War, Maisie needs something to keep her busy. So, in 1929, she opens a private investigative agency–and if she psychologizes her clients along the way, so be it. Maisie may be a bit too close to perfect for some readers’ taste, but we find her as sweet as can be.

Related: 7 Anne Perry Books About Sleuths and Murders of the Past 

Phryne Fisher

best female detectives

Cocaine Blues

By Kerry Greenwood

Phryne Fisher is another sleuth from the 1920s, but her detecting takes place elsewhere–on a different continent in fact. An aristocrat with grit, Phryne solves crimes in Australia. If you love evocative period pieces, descriptions of sumptuous clothing, intrigue, and humor along your mystery, Phryne is your perfect female detective.

Cordelia Gray

best female detectives

An Unsuitable Job for a Woman

By P.D. James

P.D. James’s most iconic detective may be Adam Dalgliesh, but Cordelia Gray is more to our tastes–and not just because of her gender. Cordelia is relatively new to the whole detecting business: In An Unsuitable Woman for the Job, she unexpectedly becomes the head of her agency when her boss commits suicide. But Cordelia has a good, if young, head on her shoulders. And her outings are among our favorite P.D. James stories.

Related: 9 Must-Read P.D. James Books for Any Mystery Fan 

Lady Julia Grey

best female detectives

Silent in the Grave

By Deanna Raybourn

When her husband suddenly dies, Lady Julia Grey is swept into a life of mystery and detecting. Her arch humor, doggedness, and intelligence make her stories a pleasure to read. And the setting, 1880s London, will thrill any historic mystery fan.

Related: Spanning Decades: 10 Historical Mystery Books 

Tamara Hayle

best female detectives

When Death Comes Stealing

By Valerie Wilson Wesley

Meet Tamara: A single mom struggling to get by in Newark, she puts her skills as a former cop to use as a PI. Tamara is tough, sexy, smart, and willing to do whatever it takes to give her son a better life.

Mrs. Jeffries

best female detectives

The Inspector and Mrs. Jeffries

By Emily Brightwell

Mrs. Jeffries may not seem like a female detective worth loving at first glance–after all, she’s just the housekeeper to famous Scotland Yard Inspector Witherspoon. But as quietly and competently as she manages Witherspoon’s house, she also manages his cases, making the connections that Witherspoon just can’t on his own. This motherly creature is the perfect conduit for a cozy mystery series you can spend an afternoon or a lifetime reading.

Catherine LeVendeur

best female detectives

Death Comes As Epiphany

By Sharan Newman

Travel all the way back to the 12th century to sleuth alongside Catherine LeVendeur, an ecclesiastical scholar-turned-detective. In her first adventure, Death Comes As Epiphany, Catherine is on the verge of becoming a nun when her mother superior Heloise (yes, of Heloise and Abelard) sends her out into the world to find out who has been vandalizing Abelard’s manuscripts. Catherine is a charming, intelligent heroine who will give you a view into 12th century nunneries, monasteries, and life.

Miss Marple

best female detectives

The Murder at the Vicarage

By Agatha Christie

Oh, Miss Marple. What can we say about you that has not been already said? Miss Marple’s demure demeanor, quiet but sharp intelligence, light humor, and impeccable memory have long made her a favorite among favorites. Her very first adventure, The Murder at the Vicarage, introduced readers to a sleuth worthy of admiration.

Related: The Queen of Crime: 10 Best Agatha Christie Books 

Marti MacAlister

best female detectives

Dead Time

By Eleanor Taylor Bland

Travel to Chicago with Eleanor Taylor Bland’s iconic Marti MacAlister. Left to raise a child alone after her undercover cop husband is killed, Marti finds herself in the midst of cases touching the lives of her family and loved ones regularly. Bland’s careful characterization and intense police procedurals make Marti deservedly beloved.

Paddy Meehan

best female detectives

Field of Blood

By Denise Mina

Denise Mina’s many crime contributions are lauded near and far. Her particularly intense fiction has carved out its own niche in both the ‘Tartan Noir’ and the general mystery world. Paddy Meehan, an ambitious journalist/detective, has claimed a special space in our hearts. Paddy, a young woman in a man’s world, gets her break in 1980s Glasgow when a brutal murder’s victim is her fiancée’s cousin. Paddy is vulnerable, intelligent, ambitious, and capable.

Kinsey Millhone

best female detectives

A is for Alibi

By Sue Grafton

Sue Grafton’s iconic character is featured in the Alphabet Mystery novels, which sadly ends with Y is for Yesterday, due to the author’s death in 2017. After spending two years in the Santa Teresa police force, Kinsey drops out to become a private investigator, following in the footsteps of her beloved Aunt Gin. Kinsey’s many relationships, hard-as-tacks personality, and commitment to getting her job done–and done well–endeared many a reader to her over the 35 years of stories.

Related: G Is for (Sue) Grafton 

Tess Monaghan

best female detectives

Baltimore Blues

By Laura Lippman

Laura Lippman is a powerhouse of modern crime writing, and her “accidental PI”, Tess Monaghan, is responsible for placing her on the map. Tess lives and writes in Baltimore, until she gets sucked into the investigative business. She puts her smarts and her knowledge of her beloved city to use, solving mysteries that no one else can. Tess feels real in a way that so many other detectives don’t–you can imagine running into her at a local Baltimore coffee shop.

Molly Murphy

best female detectives

Murphy's Law

By Rhys Bowen

After Molly Murphy kills a man–in self-defense–she must leave her beloved Ireland to remain free. Once she arrives in New York City, she becomes a suspect in another murder. In proving her innocence, Molly discovers a knack for sleuthing that will help her remain in America.

Elouise Norton

best female detectives

Land of Shadows

By Rachel Howzell Hall

Elouise “Lou” Norton never accepts the simple explanation in her cases. And when you’re a detective in Los Angeles, it’s all too easy to let the easiest option become the foregone conclusion. But Lou’s own history, including a long-lost sister, keeps her going through every case. Lou is smart, funny, tough, hard working, and surrounded by friends you’ll love nearly as much as the detective herself.

Mrs. Emily Pollifax

best female detectives

The Unexpected Mrs. Pollifax

By Dorothy Gilman

Mrs. Pollifax, old, widowed, and bored, is simply over her life. So, naturally, she decides to apply to work for the CIA. When she somehow manages to get that job, she proves her mettle, despite a lack of training. Soon, she becomes one of the CIA’s most useful agents. Combining whimsy with serious missions, Mrs. Pollifax’s adventures will satisfy any reader.

Vera Stanhope

best female detectives

The Crow Trap

By Ann Cleeves

Now portrayed by Brenda Blethyn in an ITV series, Vera Stanhope is one of the United Kingdom’s most esteemed detectives. Her brusque manner always manages to get to the bottom of even the most mysterious of crimes. And whether you read about Vera’s cases or watch them, you’ll be transported to North Yorkshire alongside her.

Daisy Wells and Hazel Wong

best female detectives

Murder is Bad Manners

By Robin Stevens

An alternative to Nancy Drew, Daisy and Hazel open a detective agency in their posh British private school, only to discover that it seems there are no mysteries to be solved. Soon, however, they unearth a number mysteries lurking just below the surface–and start on their path to sleuthing stardom. 

Blanche White

best female detectives

Blanche on the Lam

By Barbara Neely

When Blanche White, a housekeeper in North Carolina, is stiffed by her employer, she decides that it’s time. Hiding out after bouncing a check, she ends up at a strange mansion–and the bodies begin to pile up around her. Blanche quickly puts her brains to use to find out just what’s going on. Even with only four installments, this smart and independent amateur sleuth burrowed her way into our hearts.

Featured photo via cover of "An Unsuitable Job for a Woman"